Reinforcement Machine Learning

Reinforcement Machine learning (RL) is a machine learning technique that focuses on training an algorithm.

Reinforcement Machine Learning
Reinforcement Learning


Reinforcement learning lies among supervised and unsupervised learning. It is officially and technically not supervised learning because it doesn't depend only on a set of labeled training or exercise data, but it is also not unsupervised learning because we are observing for our agent to capitalize on a reward. To influence its main determination, the agent must choose the "correct" performances and behavior to perform in numerous scenarios.

What is reinforcement machine learning?

Reinforcement learning is the type of machine learning in which machines learn the optimal behavior or suitable action in a specific environment to maximize their reward. In this behavior, the machine learns from interacting with the environment and observation how to respond.

Reinforcement learning fluctuates from supervised learning in that supervised learning comprises the answer sheet, letting the model be trained with the accurate answer, so although reinforcement learning does not contain an answer and in its place relies on the reinforcement agent to make a conclusion what to do to complete the task. It is obliged to adapt from its knowledge in the nonappearance of a training dataset.

How does reinforcement learning work?

An agent explores an unfamiliar environment in instruction to attain a goal in the Reinforcement Learning problem. Reinforcement Learning is built on the idea that the maximizing of expected cumulative reward may be used to represent any objective. To maximize reward, the agent must learn to perceive and disturb the state of the environment through its activities.

To comprehend the RL's operation, we must examine two major factors:

 Environment: It may be a room, a maze, a football field, or something else entirely.

Agent: An intelligent agent, such as an AI robot, is referred to as an agent.

Take, for example, a labyrinth environment that the agent must traverse. Consider the following illustration:

The agent is on the first block in the maze in the image above. The maze is made up of an S6 block, which is a wall, an S8 block, which is a fire pit, and an S4 block, which is a diamond block.

The agent is unable to pass through the S6 block since it is a hard wall. If the agent reaches the S4 block, it will receive a +1 reward, whereas if it reaches the fire pit, it will receive a -1 reward. It can move up, down, left, and right in four different directions.

The agent can choose any pathway to get to the endpoint, but he must do so in as few steps as possible. If the agent examines the S9-S5-S1-S2-S3 path, he will receive the +1-reward point.

The agent will make an effort to recall the periods that have led up to this point. It assigns 1 value to each preceding step in order to memories them.[1]

What are the types of reinforcement learning?

There are only two types of reinforcement learning as follows:

  • Positive:

When an event occurs as a result of a particular behavior, reinforcement enhances the strength and frequency of the behavior. To put it another way, it has a beneficial influence on conduct.

  • Negative:

Reinforcement is when a behavior is strengthened as a result of a negative circumstance being avoided or halted.

What are the examples of reinforcement learning?


Robots with pre-programmed behavior are effective in organized environments with repeated tasks, such as an assembly line in a car manufacturing factory. Pre-programming precise behaviors in the actual world, where the environment's response to the robot's activity is unknown, is almost impossible. In such cases, RL offers a quick and easy technique to create general-purpose robots. It's been used effectively in robotic route planning, where a robot must discover a short, smooth, and passable path between two points that is free of collisions and consistent with the robot's dynamics.

Autonomous Driving:

In a changeable environment, an autonomous driving system must accomplish many perceptual and preparation tasks. Vehicle route preparation and motion prediction are two examples of activities where RL may be used. To make judgments at diverse temporal and geographical scales, vehicle path planning necessitates a number of low and high-level rules. The challenge of forecasting the movement of people and other vehicles in order to comprehend how the situation may develop depending on the existing condition of the environment is known as motion prediction.

What are the advantages of reinforcement learning?

  • Reinforcement learning may be used to handle extremely complicated issues that are impossible to solve using traditional methods.
  • This approach is favored for achieving difficult-to-achieve long-term outcomes.
  • This learning paradigm is very comparable to human learning. Consequently, it is on the verge of attaining perfection.
  • The model has the ability to remediate blunders made throughout the training phase.
  • Once a model has fixed a mistake, the probability of another error happening is quite low.
  • It has the ability to design the ideal model to tackle a specific problem.
  • To learn how to walk, robots can use reinforcement learning algorithms.
  • Reinforcement learning aims to maximize a model's performance by achieving its optimum behavior within a certain situation.
  • When the only method to gather knowledge about the environment is to interact with it, it can be valuable.[2]

What are the disadvantages of reinforcement learning?

  • Reinforcement learning as a framework is incorrect in much respect, yet it is exactly this fault that marks it operative.
  • Too much reinforcement learning can outcome in an overabundance of states, lowering the usefulness and effectiveness.
  • For elementary tasks, it is not the greatest option.
  • Reinforcement learning necessitates a large magnitude of data and computation. It has an unquenchable appetite for statistics. That is why it mechanism so well in video games because the game can be played again, gaining great amounts of data seems to be reachable.
  • Rather than abandoning reinforcement learning completely, we may employ a mix of reinforcement learning and additional approaches to tackle many issues. Reinforcement learning and Deep Learning are a common combo.


The difficulty of learning control methods for autonomous agents with little or no data is addressed by Reinforcement Learning. Because collecting and labeling a wide collection of sample patterns costs more than the data itself, RL algorithms are useful in machine learning. Decisions are made through reinforcement learning. It develops practicable for an intellectual system to try new engagements or approaches, alter course when disappointments occur, and build on achievements by developing a simulation of a complete company or system.

  1. Reinforcement Learning Tutorial. Available from:
  2. Pros and Cons of Reinforcement Learning. Available from: